In the aquarium we mostly grow plants of tropical and subtropical climates. In these climate zones the temperature and light conditions throughout the year are similar.
In moderate climates with four seasons we are dealing with plants that do not grow in winter. Winter (cold period) is even necessary for proper vegetation of these plants while plants of tropical zones grow throughout the whole year.
However, there are some plants that come from cold climates and grow great in an aquarium. I will mention only a few well-known plants: Cladophora sp. (Marimo), Saururus cernuus Sagittaria platyphylla, Lysimachia nummularia, Ceratophyllum demersum, Salvinia sp. Riccia sp, Elodea canadensis, Myriophyllum spicatum, Lemna minor, Potamogeton crispus and many, many others. Interestingly all mentioned species overwinter in cold climate and are common component of many phytocoenosis water tanks.
For example Hornwort (Ceratophyllum demersum) is one of the most popular aquarium plants. Not every aquarist know that Hornwort can be found in numerous lakes and ponds.
Similarly, Creeping Jenny (Lysimachia nummularia) grows in many aquariums but at the same time we can meet this plant in almost every garden, rockery, alpine garden, on meadow or at the lake shore - just worldwide. It is cosmopolitan plant.