Cutting and wiring bonsai trees require appropriate knowledge and experience. Unfortunately, any mistakes are very difficult to repair. Therefore, it is important to learn the basic principles of creating bonsai trees.
All bonsai trees require regular trimming because they grow everlastingly. If we form bonsai from the beginning (ie from cutting), in the first years we remove most of the shoots up to half instantly in order to shape plant as we want. We also cut all thin twigs to display the trunk.
In following years we fix the shape, cutting only shoots that do not fit our style. Of course sick and dry shoots should be removed systematically. Other branches need to be trimmed when they are too long. In addition to this you can prune leaves so that the new ones will be smaller and healthy.
Regular trimming stimulates the plant to produce even more shoots and leaves, thus cutting is done throughout the whole life of your plant.
By using wire you can create desired shape of trunk and shoots of your bonsai tree. Thanks to these simple rules you can create "old", bent tree boughs just from one single cutting.
However we should not exaggerate with our imagination. Branches will look natural and impressively when they resemble nature.
Young twigs usually grow straight up at a sharp angle according to the trunk. You can bend them to the right angle using wire. It keeps branches and trunks in desired position up to the point when shoots are woody. In this moment the wire should be removed. Otherwise it starts rising in the bark of the bonsai tree.