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Pond Plants Guide

Pond plants are an eye-catching decoration of ponds and gardens. They aerate water tank, reduce the amount of algae, and achieve the biological balance typical for natural ecosystems. Pond Plants keep the water clear.


Bog or shallow pond plants are the group that we plant in the shore zone of the pond. These plants grow beyond the surface of the tank. We plant them at a depth of several cm  to 150 cm. These plants grow above the surface of the water.  Rhizomes and roots are submerged while larger parts of the plant: their leaves and flowers grow over the water.

Plants can be planted in ponds in special caves, in pots or between stones.

Small plants should be put shallowly, so the larger part of plant is above the water. When they grow up, we can transplant them to a permanent place, much deeper, into the pond.


If you bought loose pond plants please proceed as follows:

  1. Trim the leaves in order to reduce transpiration. It is very important. Plants will be healthier and  their growth will be lighter and faster.
  2. Put trimmed plants in temporary pots with a diameter of 10-15 cm and set on shallow water. At this time you can fertilize them.. Prepare light solution of fertilizer spray the leaves for few days.
  3. After about 2 weeks when plants start growing you can replant them to permanent place.
Aquarium and Pond Plants

Leaves of the following plants should be trimmed up to the half:

Phragmites australis – Common Reed

Schoenoplectus Tabernaemontana – Softstem Bulrush

Typha angustifolia – Small Reed Mace

Sparganium erectum – Branched Bur Reed

Acorus calamus – Sweet Flag

Iris pseudoacorus – Yellow Iris

Iris sibiricus – Siberian flag

Carex sp. - Sedge Grass

Aquarium and Pond Plants

The following pond plants should not be trimmed:

Equisetum hiemale – Horsetail

Comarum palustre – Purple Marshlocks

Veronica beccabunga – Brooklime

Mentha aquatica –  Water Mint

Calla palustris – Water Arum

Glyceria aquatica – Great Manna Grass

Heleocharis palustris – Common Spikerush

Solanum dulcamara – Nightshade

Juncus effusus – Big Twister

These plants have either evergreen leaves such as Horsetail or have a lot of strength of growth and ability to quick adaptation to new environment thus cutting leaves is meaningless.


Leaves of the following plants should be trimmed completely:

Alisma plantago-aquatica – Water-Plantain

Caltha palustris – Marsh Marigold

Cutting leaves before planting is necessary because they will lose them anyway. The new leaves will be fresh, healthy and brilliant.


Depth of planting Bog Pond Plants is very important condition for theirs proper growth.

Bog plants planted on shallow water will grow for ever but planted too deep- they rot.

Aquarium and Pond Plants

The following plants should be planted on shallowly water (up to 20 cm):

Alisma plantago-aquatica – Water-Plantain

Caltha palustris – Marsh Marigold

Iris sibiricus – Siberian flag

Equisetum hiemale – Horsetail

Comarum palustre – Purple Marshlocks

Veronica beccabunga – Brooklime

Mentha aquatica –  Water Mint

Calla palustris – Water Arum

Caltha palustris – Marsh Marigold

Solanum dulcamara – Nightshade

Juncus effusus – Big Twister

Carex sp. - Sedge Grass

Lythrum Salicaria - Purple oosestrife

It should be mentioned that plants from above list such as: Purple Marshlocks,  Brooklime, Water Mint and Water Arum, are planted shallowy, but they grow "horizontally", ie, they float on the water growing towards the free surface of the water, deep into the pond. While Nightshade  can swim on the water, but as he finds some support, it begins to climb up.

Aquarium and Pond Plants

The following plants we can plant deeper - up to 20- 80 cm:

Glyceria aquatica – Great Manna Grass

Heleocharis palustris – Common Spikerush

Sparganium erectum – Branched Bur Reed

Acorus calamus – Sweet Flag

Iris pseudoacorus – Yellow Iris

Butomus umbellatus Flowering Rush


The following plants can grow very deep - 150 cm:

Phragmites australis – Common Reed

Schoenoplectus Tabernaemontana – Softstem Bulrush

Thypha angustifolia – Small Reed Mace

The best substrate for planting pond plants is common gravel (3mm - up to 5 mm) or river sand. Such substrate is completely sufficient.There is no need to rinse them. After one day the water will be clear.

 

Garden soil, peat, flowers ground, yellow sand cannot be used. We often plant water plants in pots. This way we can keep up control of  plants growth, remove the excess of them  and replace them when and where we wish. We can use pots that are available in gardening stores especially designed for aquatic plants or any other containers.  A few holes in the bottom of the  pot should be made..I can recommend pots in green, brown or black. White containers look horrible.

 

Sometimes our  pond is completely or partly lined with stones and pots are not right.  We can

sit plants directly between stones, pressing them not to float. They will grow fine but not always where we wish.

 

If you are keen on plants please visit: https://aquariumwaterplants.com/